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Trichomoniasis – The Silent Infection

By Wesley Hood DVM, Pro-Vet of Siloam Springs, Ark.

Much has been said over the past few years about Trichomoniasis or “Trich” as it is commonly referred to. However, there is still confusion and mystery surrounding exactly what it is and more importantly what it can do to decimate your herd. In the next few minutes of reading, hopefully those questions can be cleared up in order to help protect your herd from this silent infection.

Trichomoniasis is a disease caused by the protozoal organism Tritrichomonas foetus. The organism lives in the preputial folds of the male and around the cervical folds of females. It is considered a sexually transmitted disease, as bulls contract the infection from infected cows during breeding or vice versa. The organism is virtually undetectable in bovine semen evaluations, causes no harm to the fertility of the bull and has no obvious signs of infection in cows or bulls. Cows that contract the infection can clear the organism in about five months, however most bulls are considered permanently infected and cannot be salvaged. There is a very small percentage of bulls under three years of age that may clear the infection after several months.

The disease process occurs as the organism infects the lining of the reproductive tract of the female and causes early embryonic death, mild uterine infections and sometimes early abortion of fetuses, typically in the first trimester. The bull does not suffer from infertility and is mainly an asymptomatic carrier of the organism. The overlying problem is the organism does not cause any visible illness in the affected animals and abortions occur early in pregnancy and are typically not observable.

The first sign of an infected herd starts with repeated heat cycles of females that should be already bred. A large number of females showing heat cycles late in the breeding season is a very common finding, as well as females that have been serviced early in the season rebreeding late in the season with no heats in between. The most confounding issue is by the time a problem is detected, it is normally too late to stop the repercussions.

The effects of Trichomoniasis can be crippling to a cow herd in conception rates. In herds with a defined calving season, conception rates can be decreased by up to 50% for that season. In herds that calve year round the effect can be seen as a high percentage of cattle calving every 18 months instead of every 12 months. Losing half a calf crop is obviously a financially crippling event. Not to mention the calves that do survive will typically be born much later in the calving season, decreasing weaning weights and subsequent rebreeding rates.

As detecting the disease is so difficult, focus must be taken on prevention of infection instead of treating an outbreak. There has been a large push by states in recent years to prevent the spread of this disease.  Almost all states have some type of Trichomoniasis testing protocols for both in state and out of state bull sales, both private treaty and auction. There are a few rules that are advisable when dealing with this disease. First and foremost is that ANY bull you use must be verified as a virgin bull with no breeding history or must be tested for Trichomoniasis prior to use in your herd. There are trusted individuals that sell many bulls private treaty that can be verified as virgin bulls. However, if there is any question, have the bull tested by your veterinarian BEFORE placing with cows. Testing involves scraping the inside of the preputial folds and sending either a culture or PCR test to a laboratory for analysis. A single PCR test is satisfactory for most state requirements and is required by most states to travel across state lines if the bull is over 12 months of age.

Prevention of the disease also involves screening any cows that are purchased out of herd.  Unfortunately, testing of cows is not as efficient or accurate. Therefore the easiest way of prevention is to buy cows or heifers that are bred greater than four months, verified virgin open heifers or pairs that have not been exposed back to a bull. The chances of Trichomoniasis being present in these groups is extremely small.

One of the main culprits of transmission is one that is hard to control. It has been said that good fences make good neighbors and this is extremely accurate in Trichomoniasis prevention. Some of the worst cases that have been seen involve the “traveling animal” whether male or female. If a neighbor’s farm is infected with Trichomoniasis and one of their animals is allowed to breed with one of yours, the results can be disastrous. It is imperative that you maintain strict biosecurity levels in your breeding herd and prevent introduction of this disease.

In the event your herd does become infected, there are options for control. The first is all natural service bulls will most likely have to be sold. There is a chance some bulls will escape infection, but it will require three negative tests over a period of a few months to insure that. All cows must be held from breeding for a minimum of five months in order to clear the infection naturally. There is also a vaccine available that is somewhat effective in decreasing embryonic losses and is typically used in trying to clear already infected herds. Above all, please discuss with your local veterinarian if you suspect Trichomoniasis in your herd. Early detection is the key to keeping the economic losses manageable.

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B.E.E.F. Scholarship Countdown

Remember when you were in school and the month of May signaled summer was just around the corner? The teachers were trying to teach their final lesson plan, dates had been set on the calendar for final exams and the whole school was on the “Countdown”, especially the seniors.

The Beefmaster Educational Endowment Foundation (B.E.E.F.) is on the count down and waiting in anticipation for the scholarship applications that will be arriving from graduating high school seniors and current college students. The scholarship information has been posted on the BBU website along with all the necessary details. Once the applications are received, they are reviewed by a scholarship committee and finalists are selected. The winners of the scholarships are announced at the JBBA convention banquet in July. B.E.E.F. will issue up to four $1,000 scholarships to be used for the recipient’s fall tuition.

B.E.E.F. feels strongly about investing in the lives of these hard working students as they pursue their education and fulfill their dreams. The Foundation has been giving scholarships to worthy recipients since 2010. So, let the “Countdown” begin to see who will be awarded the scholarships for the Fall 2016 semester.

Click here to download the scholarship application

- Teri Thompson, Beefmaster Educational Endowment Foundation Director

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Breed Achieves Major Milestone

By Bill Pendergrass

This month marks a milestone. In the month of May Beefmaster Breeders United (BBU), Beefmaster Educational Endowment Foundation (B.E.E.F.) and the entire Beefmaster breed will achieve one of the most significant milestones in the annals of this great breed…the first-ever Beefmaster Genomic-Enhanced Expected Progeny Differences (GE-EPDs).

B.E.E.F. and its leadership is to be commended for their vision, dedication and tenacity for taking on this project several years ago and seeing it to fruition. Were it not for the foresightedness of B.E.E.F.’s leadership and the generosity of breeders who have donated to B.E.E.F. and its research efforts, the Beefmaster breed would have fallen way behind our competition in the genomics arena. To refresh your memory, one of B.E.E.F.’s primary stated goals is the implementation of GE-EPDs for the benefit of the Beefmaster breed.

BBU began asking breeders to HD Genotype animals in June 2015. What began as a slow measured drumbeat of interest from a small group of breeders has blossomed into a very impressive display of the Beefmaster breeds’ most dominant animals being represented in our GE-EPD database. The accuracy of Beefmaster genetic selection tools is about to increase dramatically.

Right about now, many BBU members are asking “what is a GE-EPD and why should I care”? A Genomic-Enhanced EPD is the product of including detailed, DNA information (collected from the HD Genotypes) that greatly improve the accuracy of an animal’s EPDs. This is very important in the case of young, non-parent animals.

A great example of this is yearling and coming two-year-old bulls. Accuracy for production EPDs of these animals will be very low (usually in the .10 range or less) because no progeny have been born and there are no weights to evaluate. The significance of GE-EPD’s is that those low accuracy values can be greatly improved (up to the .25-.3 range). That is roughly the equivalent of having eight progeny records submitted. In the case of birth weight (BW) EPDs, this is a game changer. Now your bull buyers can select bulls with greater confidence that birth weights on future calf crops will be acceptable.

It is important to note that just because you HD Genotype an animal, it will not improve their EPDs. Again, GE-EPDs greatly increase the accuracy of their EPDs. In effect, this takes a lot of guess work out of your mating decisions. This, in turn, leads to satisfied customers who gain greater confidence in Beefmasters. Additional traits are being added to the GE-EPD list almost daily and the future of genetic selection is being driven by genomics.

You will be able to tell if an animal has GE-EPDs by the special “Beefmasters Genomics +” logo that will appear on the animal’s registration certificate and on the pedigree in the BBU search function on the website. For those breeders who are HD Genotyping, animals with the Beefmaster Genomics + logo represent the most dedicated, ardent performance breeders. It will be truly exciting to see how these breeders advance their herds and the entire breed in the future, by using genomics.

Buyers of animals with the Beefmasters Genomics + logo are able to take advantage of the bred in accuracies for those traits and as a result make better genetic and management decisions. Genomics are totally reshaping the beef industry.

For those breeders who are heavily involved in the International market, GE-EPDs give you the most powerful marketing tool ever developed. At the recent International Beefmaster Federation meeting in Houston, the main topic of discussion in regards to genetics was the development of GE-EPDs. Only BBU and the South African Beefmaster Association have GE-EPDs, but our friends in the Mexican Beefmaster Association realize how potent Genomics are and are working toward developing GE-EPDs as well. Mexico has recently adopted new policies in regards to parentage verification and genetic evaluations. U.S. Beefmasters with GE-EPDs will add a whole new level of genetic information to their genetic evaluations as they are included, making Beefmasters more valuable everywhere.

B.E.E.F., who was instrumental in funding the efforts that have led to GE-EPDs for the Beefmaster breed, is now taking the next steps to fund research projects that will lead to even greater genetic selection technologies for Beefmasters. As an example, there is growing evidence that Beefmasters are among the most feed efficient cattle in the United States. Data collected from Growsafe and Kalen gate systems from across the country point to Beefmasters as being consistently able to excel in intake and Residual Feed Intake measurements, while performing very well for weight gain.

Given that feed is the largest input in the beef industry and Beefmasters are showing impressive conversion rates, it only makes sense that we fund further research to develop selection tools for the entire breed to capitalize on. B.E.E.F. is the mechanism to make this happen. EPD development for these traits is occurring as we speak. If we can back the power of genomics into this scenario, Beefmasters would have one of the most powerful selection tools yet.

Perhaps even more intriguing than feed conversion, is the theory that Residual Feed Intake (as calculated by Growsafe systems) is indeed a maternal trait. If that is true, Beefmasters could position ourselves as the Maternal and Efficiency breed for every crossbreeding system. Having said that, it will take money to fund research projects to prove these theories.

B.E.E.F. is ramping up to create an endowment fund to tackle these very important projects head on. Face it, our competition has been funding research projects through our Universities for years. Their research has literally been used as a training tool and educational program for the commercial cattlemen of this nation for the past 25 years. The entire U.S. beef industry has been educated on performance and carcass topics on research funded by breed associations we compete with every day. Don’t you think it is time for Beefmasters to fund projects that will show our strengths and how we can positively impact the bottom line of producers everywhere?

In the coming months, you will be hearing much more about B.E.E.F. and their endowment campaign. With the first success of GE-EPDs, B.E.E.F. stands ready to propel Beefmasters into the future and be the crucial funding mechanism to anchor Beefmaster friendly research around. This will ultimately lead to more market share for our bulls and greatly increase the value of registered Beefmaster females. Keep this in mind when you are considering how much to contribute to the B.E.E.F. endowment fund. Your future is at stake.

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DNA Testing Summary

By Kelsey Crenshaw

DNA technology is always improving and our genetic providers are always coming out with the “next best thing” which makes the list of DNA tests on the market a bit overwhelming. As BBU transitions to a new system and new policies are being put into place to keep up with this ever changing technology, questions have been raised regarding exactly what tests are offered specifically to BBU.

I have compiled a simple and consolidated list of all tests available to BBU from both genetic providers. The table is broken down between the different types of tests available, the cost of each test, and what each test is used for. These tests are also shown on both the GeneSeek and Zoetis order forms that you receive when requesting sample cards. If there are any other questions regarding certain testing options or pricing please call the BBU office at 210-732-3132210-732-3132 for more information.

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Better Performance Through Genetic Selection

- Breed Differences on Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue

By Brittni Drennan

Tall fescue is the most commonly used grass in the U.S. used to graze and feed cattle. Widespread throughout a majority of the country, fescue grass provides multiple benefits for pasture performance due to its persistence, long growing season, and nutritional quality as well as drought, insect and disease resistance. However, producers have a love-hate relationship with this seemingly desirable plant. The same fungal endophyte that makes the grass so hardy also contains some alkaloids that studies have shown are detrimental to the performance of grazing livestock.

Common side effects of toxicosis include heat stress, suppressed appetite, poor growth or reduced calving rates, ultimately costing the beef industry approximately $500 million to $1 billion annually in losses due to decreased reproductive and growth rates, according to an abstract from Richard Browning, Ph.D., Tennessee State University.

Researchers have determined the endophyte can be alleviated using several forage management practices including replacing endophyte-infected tall fescue with low-endophyte strands, diluting endophyte-infected fescue with other grasses or legumes, ammoniating fescue hay, or increasing stocking rates to prevent plant maturation since the endophyte is highly concentrated in the seedhead. However, due to high costs, vast amount of acreage covered in endophyte-infected tall fescue, along with reluctance to eradicate long-standing pastures, forage management for eradication purposes does not seem likely or advantageous.

A more practical, effective solution for alleviating the negative effects caused by high-endophyte fescue is with animal management practices by genetic selection. Browning pointed out heat stress is a known symptom of fescue toxicosis, causing increased panting, respiration rates, and time spent in the shade, which means cattle spend less time grazing and gaining.

Recently, the University of Kentucky conducted a trial using 120 spring-born calves out of cows with varying degrees of Brahman-influenced genetics bred to Hereford bulls. Roy Burris, Ph.D., Extension Beef Specialist at UKY was the lead researcher on the study.

“There’s five million acres in Kentucky and most of it is high-endophyte fescue. When dealing with fescue endophyte, there’s a lot we don’t know and pastures vary,” Burris said. “What we found from the trial is an improvement in the adjusted weaning weights. We did see better performance on those calves with Brahman influence, and they gave us higher adjusted 205-day weaning weights.”

Burris reported the results from those calves having zero Brahman influence had an adjusted weight of 499.2 pounds, calves out of 3/16 Brahman influenced cows were 512.5 pounds, and calves out of the 3/8 percentage cows were 533.9 pounds. Burris said there was no significant difference between findings on the high-endophyte versus the low-endophyte fescue.

The better performance from Brahman-influenced calves can be attributed to their natural ability to tolerate heat better than Continental breeds. Burris said calves raised on fescue grass tend to be a little woolier and hairier, and Brahman-influenced cattle tend to be slicker hided, allowing them to more effectively dissipate excess body heat caused by fescue toxicosis.

“We sent the resulting calves to the feedlot, and there wasn’t much difference in the results between the different sets of calves out of the feedlot, and there wasn’t any difference in carcass data between the calves.” Burris said. “We did, however, make more money off the Brahman-influenced cattle because they were evaluated lower initially because of their Brahman-influenced characteristics.”

Fescue toxicosis has an impact on more than just performance to weaning in cow-calf operations. Browning also noted studies in which the average daily growth rates (ADG) in Bos indicus crossed steers were less affected by fescue toxicosis (Table 1).

 

BOS TUARUS BOS INDICUS CROSS
REFERENCE lbs/d % loss lbs/d % loss
Goetsch et al., 1988A -0.46 -38 -0.42 -22
Goetsch et al., 1988B -0.20 -16 -0.09 -6
McMurphy et al., 1990C -0.72 -39 -0.29 -14
McMurphy et al., 1990D -0.72 -39 -0.44 -26
Cole et al., 2001 -0.55 -86 -0.29 -21
*Table 1: A: Spring, B: Fall, C: Bos indicus Cross = Brahman X Angus, D: Bos indicus Cross = Simmental X (Brahman X Angus)

 

To briefly summarize, Goetsch et al. (1988) demonstrated the reduction in ADG of Brahman cross steers was comparable to the reduction of British cross steers in a 12-week period in the spring as well as fall. An exception was noted during the first half of the fall season when the ADG of Brahman crosses was statistically less affected by the endophyte. McMurphy et al. (1990) tested Angus, Brahman x Angus, and Simmental x (Brahman x Angus) steers and found the half-blood Brahman steers’ post-weaning ADG were less affected by high endophyte levels than the straight Angus or quarter-blood Brahman steers.

“Collectively, a consistent trend is apparent,” Browning said. “High endophyte levels in the tall fescue diets invariably reduced ADG of Brahman-cross steers to a lesser degree than when steers did not posses the Brahman influence. Brahman genetics reduced the adverse effects of endophyte-infected tall fescue on post-weaning ADG by 26 percent on average (range = 10 to 65 percent) across the studies.”

These studies also demonstrate another important factor for producers to recognize. It’s not about fighting fescue and completely eliminating toxicosis; it’s about doing what it takes to reduce loss and decrease the negative impacts caused by high-endophyte fescue.

Having worked with Beefmaster cattle and other Brahman-influenced cattle since 1974, Burris is very familiar with the benefits these kinds of cattle provide, aside from their ability to thrive in areas with high-endophyte fescue. Beefmasters are a stabilized composite breed developed by maintaining 50 percent Brahman influence, 25 percent Hereford and 25 percent Shorthorn. Currently, the UKY cowherd is fall calving, and Burris has found Brahman-influenced cattle perform just as well in the winter months as they do in the summer.

There is a misconception among producers in the beef cattle industry that Beefmaster cattle or cattle with Bos indicus genetics will not perform in colder climates, but that simply could not be farther from the truth. In the colder seasons and environments found in northern areas of the country, Bos indicus cattle thrive just as well in the winter months due to their hardiness and natural adaptability characteristics. Burris said Brahman-influenced females, in particular, are in high demand because of their performance and especially their mothering abilities.

“What we found most of the time in cross-breeding programs, some Brahman influence has proved to work very well in the south as well as the north,” Burris said. “What we see here is that a lot of people like, and there’s a lot of demand for, F1 heifers due to their longevity and their performance. Most people in this area aren’t used to looking at Brahman-type cattle, so they don’t necessarily love the phenotype, but they find they do perform well.”

Regardless of production stage or industry sector, Burris said producers would benefit from evaluating their own cattle and breeding those cattle to genetics that will compliment their herd.

“Breed to improve structure and soundness or breed to improve carcass or performance,” Burris said. “Find those weaknesses within your herd and work to eliminate those weaknesses.”

It comes down to using the tools available to select genetics that will compliment a producer’s herd, coincide with his production goals, and work well in his environment, not against it.

Burris also said disposition of Bos indicus cattle was a concern among cattlemen. Let’s be realistic. Docility was a problem in the past for producers raising Brahman-influenced cattle. Although, since Beefmaster producers in cooperation with Beefmaster Breeders United (BBU) have recognized the issue, they have worked to effectively minimize the problem by selecting for improved disposition within their operations.

“Disposition seems to be more of a problem in some other Brahman-influenced breeds than in the Beefmaster breed,” Burris said. “I always look at docility and disposition and select for that. When I bring a bull in, I want to be sure I’m not bringing in problems, and I do the same thing with Angus cattle. If my herd has a problem, that’s what I’m going to try to take care of first.”

In regards to the perception that all Brahman-influenced cattle have problems with disposition, Burris said it would be a mistake for producers to affirm those negative perceptions and give critics something else to pick apart.

“In my experience, Brahman-type cattle tend to respond better and more quickly to the way they’re handled and the way they’re treated,” Burris said. “There are always some outliers, but they need to be culled and disposition needs to be looked at within all Bos indicus breeds.”

Aside from the herd based at the University of Kentucky Research and Education Center, Burris personally keeps approximately 200 brood cows, and tries to maintain some Brahman-influenced cattle in the herd. He keeps a few purebred Angus and Brahman-influenced bulls and breeds his own replacement females to uphold a 3/16 Brahman-cross. Because of their hardiness and adaptability, longevity is an indirect advantage of Bos indicus cattle.

“Longevity, to me, is the biggest benefit of Brahman-influenced cattle—their ability to stay structurally sound, stay in the herd and continue producing,” Burris said.

Ultimately, implementing Beefmaster and/or Brahman-influenced genetics provides tremendous profit potential for cow-calf producers as well as stockers, introducing benefits from heterosis, more longevity and improved performance on high-endophyte fescue.

“Infusion of Brahman genetics seems to offer an alternative means of reducing the impact of fescue toxicosis on both cow-calf and stocker performance,” Browning said. “Use of Brahman genetics to overcome challenging environmental conditions is not a new concept. Somewhat overlooked, however, may be the potential of Brahman germplasm to enhancing cattle performance in another challenging production environment, the high endophyte-infected tall fescue pasture.”

For more information about Brahman-influenced genetics or to find a Beefmaster seedstock provider, visit www.beefmasters.org.

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Beefmaster Promotion Group International Beefmaster Gala Sale Report

Beefmaster Promotion Group International Beefmaster Gala Sale – Houston, TX. – March 5, 2016

Lots Type Gross Average
5 Bull $21,400.00 $4,280.00
3 Bred Heifer $13,250.00 $3,380.00
14 Open Heifer $53,750.00 $3,420.00
6 Semen $21,375.00 $1,087.50
28 Total Lots $109,775.00 $3,920.54

Bulls

  • Lot 10 – 401 RGB Handsome Henry – Illusions Impression x Collier 231/0 $6,500 Rafter G Bar Benito Garcia, TX
  • Lot 12 – 3194 MDH Captain Tuff – Cain 15Z x Allee 6282 $5,500 Karisch Cattle Co. Roberto Rodriguez, MX

Open Heifers

  • Lot 25A – 15/33 – EMS Headliner x 3G 3574 $6,600 Troy & Trevor Glaser CB Sureme Ranch LLC, TX
  • Lot 20 – 5216 – Vision x Miss Jackpot Joy $5,750 SM Beefmasters Bodie Wrobleski, TX
  • Lot 26 – 22/15 WR Paisly – Vision x Flash 14/3 $5,200 Blue Ribbon Brooke Charpiot, TX

Bred Heifers

  • Lot 15 – 14/111 – Red Ryder x Cain 5155 Bred to CF Adonis $5,500 Travis Glaser Lindsey Ranch, TX

Semen

  • Lot 5 – EMS Johnny Cash – Sexed Heifer Semen $325 per unit Ellis & Emmons Ranch CB Sureme Ranch LLC, TX. Gilmore, TX.
  • Lot 5 – EMS Johnny Cash Semen $385 per unit Ellis & Emmons Ranch Kacer Farm, KY

Volume Buyers: CB Supreme Ranch LLC, TX.; Benito Garcia, TX.; Bodie Wrobleski, TX.; RX2 Ranch, TX.

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Houston Magic XVI Sale Report

Houston Magic XVI – Houston, TX.  – March 4, 2016

Lots Type Gross Average
9 Bull $54,000.00 $6,000.00
27 Open Heifer $181,500.00 $6,722.22
13 Bred $86,250.00 $6,634.62
3 Pairs $34,000.00 $11,333.33
4 Semen $11,110.00 $2,777.50
4 Frozen Embryo $36,875.00 $9,218.75
60 Total Lots $403,735.00 $6,728.92

Bulls

  • Lot 5 – BF 1422 – CF Sugar Britches x Vanna 2010 $8,500 Bailey Farms JA Beefmasters, MX
  • Lot 43 – L2 71/14 – L2 Sugar Jack x Touch of Sugar $7,500 L2 Ranch Jose Gama, MX
  • Lot 62 – WH 4043 Cabela’s Tiger – Infinity x HF 751 $7,500 Windy Hills Maldonado, MX

Open Heifers

  • Lot 46 – L2 48/15 – L2 Bushwacker x L2 Knockout Anna $19,000 L 2 Ranch Fred & Mary Moran, LA.
  • Lot 49 – 23/15 Sugar in Dixie – CF N-Sync x Sugar Time $11,000 Priola Fred & Mary Moran, LA.
  • Lot 8 – BF 1428 – CF Sugar Britches x Tiger Time $10,000 Bailey Farms Roadhouse, TX
  • Lot 35A – 156/4 JK Ava Tigress – Painted Tiger x Ava $10,000 Kreger & Bedlam Kreger, OK

Bred Heifers

  • Lot 7 – BF 1405 – BF Kingpin x BF 1235 Bred to EMS Firehouse $13,000 Bailey Farms Collier Farms, TX.
  • Lot 45 – L2 25/15 – L2 Captain Jack x L2 Victorian Sugar Bred to L2 Triumph $11,500 L 2 Ranch Fred & Mary Moran, LA.
  • Lot 21 – 63 Love that Vanna – CF Dr. Love x Tiger Vanna Bred to Fusion $7,500 E & E Ranch JA Beefmasters, MX
  • Lot 65 – WH 4042 Red Hot – Unity x Red Prissy Bred to EMS Firehouse $7,500 Windy Hills Gomez, MX

Pairs

  • Lot 44 – L2 154/13 Lady – CF N-Sync x L2 Infinite Lady with Hiefer Calf by L2 Sugar Jack $15,500 L 2 Ranch Kacer Farms, KY
  • Lot 50 – Recipient cow with embryo Heifer calf by CF Sugar Britches x Sugar Time $14,500 Priola JA Beefmasters, MX

Frozen Embryos

  • Lot 51B – CF Sugar Britches x Sugar Time $1050 each Priola JA Beefmasters, MX
  • Lot 51A – CF N-Sync x Sugar Time $750 each Priola JA Beefmasters, MX

Volume Buyers: JA Beefmasters, MX.; Fred & Mary Moran, LA.; Gomez, MX.; Cissna Ranch, TX.; Windy Hills, MS.; Steven Anderson, TX.; Kacer Farm, KY.; Danny Arnold, TX.

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Southern Texas Extravaganza Sale Report

Southern Texas Extravaganza – Rio Grande City, TX. – January 23, 2016

Lots Type Gross Average
9 Bulls $37,950.00 $4,216.67
13 Bred Heifers $77,100.00 $5,930.77
23 Open Heifers $135,250.00 $5,880.43
6 Pairs $40,750.00 $6,791.67
3 Bred Females $17,750.00 $5,916.67
1 Pick of Calves $15,150.00 $15,150.00
1 Semen $550.00 $550.00
56 Total Lots $324,500.00 $5,794.64

Pairs

  • Lot 7 – 212 Sara’s Tequila – Painted Tiger x Tequila Sunrise with Heifer @ side by Sugar Bullet $12,500 Six Cantu’s Jim Colvin, TX.
  • Lot 55 – 240 Sugar – Sugar Bullet x Cains Ms Doc 8890 with Bull calf @ side by Ambush $8,000 Pena Farms Victor Laredo, TX
  • Lot 41 – 1104 Polled Red Fever – 4B Sugar Man x Bengal Magic with Heifer @ side by Polled Sugar Bear $6,000 Santa Ana Panama Ranch, TX

Bred Heifers

  • Lot 11 – 6603 Tiger Passion – Painted Tiger x Song of the South Exposed to Sugar Bullet $11,500 Six Cantu’s Luciano Martinez, MX
  • Lot 10 – 6602 Southern Passion – Painted Tiger x Song of the South Bred to Sugar Bullet $10,000 Six Cantu’s Jim Colvin, TX.
  • Lot 12 – 6612 Sparkling Wine – CF Sugar Britches x Desert Wine Bred to Sugar Bullet $9,000 Six Cantu’s Luciano Martinez, MX

Open Heifers

  • Lot 33 – 19 Full of Pep – Painted Tiger x Tequila Sunrise $10,000 Six Cantu’s San Gabriel Ranch, TX
  • Lot 30 – 6 Nina – L2 Captain Sugar x Secret Romance $8,750 Six Cantu’s Hector Guerra, MX
  • Lot 19 – 12 Bedazzeled – CF Sugar Britches x Sparta Girl $8,500 Six Cantu’s Luciano Martinez, MX

Bulls

  • Lot 53 – 469 PF Bullet – Sugar Bullet x Rio Queen $8,500 Pena Farms Chilo Guiterrez, TX
  • Lot 2 – 6608 Arnold – L2 Captain Sugar x Song of the South $7,000 Six Cantu’s Luciano Martinez, MX

Bred Females

  • Lot 43 – 531Z Polled Sexy Dream – CF Dream Catcher x Miss CJ 531 bred to Remington $6,000 Santa Ana Bounds Swinging B, TX
  • Lot 6 – 410 Red Sweetness – L2 Red Sugar x Oasis bred to Sugar Bullet $6,000 Six Cantu’s Steven Anderson, TX.

Volume Buyers: Luciano Martinez, MX.; Jim Colvin, TX.; Hector Guerra, MX.; Alex Villarreal, TX.; Pena Farms, TX.; Tony & Karen Psencik, TX.; Bounds Swinging B, TX.; Amando Beefmaster, TX.; San Gabriel Ranch, TX.; Panama Ranch, TX.

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Junior Beefmaster National Show and Convention to be held in Louisiana

SAN ANTONIO – The schedule has been set and young Beefmaster breeders are preparing for the 32nd annual Junior Beefmaster Breeders Association (JBBA) National Convention and Junior Show to be held in West Monroe, La. The show and convention will take place at the Ike Hamilton Expo Center from July 17 – 23.

Exhibitors will have the opportunity to compete with their cattle in the E6/Advancer Show, National Heifer Show, National Bull Show, Bred & Owned Heifer Show and Showmanship Contest. Dr. Randy Perry of Fresno State University will judge the National Heifer Show. Perry has judged most of the major livestock shows in the nation, has a vast wealth of experience in all beef cattle breeds, and has served in beef industry leadership roles at the national level.

Chris Mullinix of Manhattan, Kan., will serve as the judge for the Bred & Owned Heifer Show, E6/Advancer Show and the National Bull Show. Mullinix is the Kansas State University (KSU) livestock judging coach, one of the powerhouses in collegiate livestock judging. Under Mullinix’s leadership the KSU Livestock Judging Team has maintained their dominance as one of the best teams in the nation. Mullinix is a nationally recognized beef cattle judge, having sorted elite shows at almost every national livestock exposition.

The showmanship contest judges are Adam and Hannah McCall of Springfield, Mo. The McCalls bring a great perspective to the JBBA showmanship contest. Adam and Hannah, both Tennessee natives, were role models for junior exhibitors in the Angus and Charolais breeds. Adam is a past President of the American International Junior Charolais Association, where he won their showmanship and fitting contest several times in his show career. Hannah also won the coveted title of champion showman at the National Junior Angus Show. This dynamic, young couple will bring excellent cattle showing experience to West Monroe.

The JBBA National Convention not only offers JBBA members a great opportunity to exhibit their cattle, the junior breeders also participate in new activities and meet new people. A schedule filled with educational and fun activities has been tailored to entertain, educate and provide a great family atmosphere.

Many other contests are available to juniors throughout the week. Juniors can show off their artistic skills in several contests including both photography and PowerPoint contests, which do not require attendance by the junior breeder, and a coloring contest. The 2016 JBBA Convention will also include livestock judging and public speaking contests.

For more information about Beefmaster Breeders United and its junior program please contact the BBU office at 210-732-3132 or visit www.beefmasters.org. Stay connected to BBU through Facebook, follow us on Twitter and Instagram, view our videos on YouTube and receive our news updates through joining our mailing list.

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DNA: Where We’re Headed and Where We’ve Been

By Kelsey Crenshaw

Do you remember the day when you could flip open your handy-dandy flip phone to call someone and you knew exactly what you were doing because this was the only thing your phone could do? Now today you can hold a computer in the palm of your hand, better known as a Smartphone.

DNA is no exception to this fast paced race in today’s ever-changing technology. Genetic providers for the beef cattle industry are constantly coming up with new and improved products to offer their customers. Within the last few months I have witnessed the Beefmaster breed being thrown right in the middle of this huge, ever-changing world of genomics. This territory brings several questions with it. Here are answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about cattle genomics.

  • What are STRs?

The proper name for STR is Short Tandem Repeat analysis. This is the old type of marker analysis that was used previously before the industry transitioned to the new SNP analysis in 2012. When a sample is tested with STR analysis there are 11-14 NUMBER markers that the lab looks at and can compare with another animal’s markers to determine parent verification. As the labs have now moved to SNP analysis, STR analysis is no longer used except on a case-by-case basis.

  • What are SNPs?

The proper name for SNP is Single-nucleotide Polymorphism (often referred to as snip). This is the new type of marker analysis that is currently used in today’s genetic market. Every sample submitted to either Zoetis or GeneSeek for a Genotype panel or Parentage Analysis is run on SNPs. Contrary to the STR analysis, when a sample is tested with SNPs there are 80-110 LETTER markers that the lab looks at and can compare with another animal’s markers to determine parent verification.

  • If one of my animals has STRs on file and another animal has SNPs on file, can they be compared for parent verification?

NO, when comparing STRs versus SNPs, each analysis produces a different marker count and STRs are number markers where SNPs are letter markers, so, these two samples cannot be compared. If you run into this scenario with animals you are DNA testing, there are still ways to compare these two animals. BBU would suggest that a new sample be submitted for the animal with STRs on file and have it run on SNPs, so that the two can be compared. If collecting a new sample is not an option, as a last resort the animal with SNPs can also be run on STRs so the two can be compared at an additional fee. Again, this is a last resort and will require approval from BBU staff. Please note, if the parents have DNA on file and a DNA sample is submitted for their progeny, parent verification will be run, no exceptions.

  • What is a High Density genotype?

More commonly known as the HD genotype, this panel can map out the genes of an animal by using a 50K or 150K SNP chip. And better yet, as we grow our population of HD genotypes, our genetic vendors will be able to develop a Beefmaster specific panel that can map out genes that pertain specifically to our breed of cattle. Currently, the only animals REQUIRED to be genotyped with the HD chip are any new AI sires or embryo donors that have not already been previously DNA typed as of January 1, 2016. Although, BBU is encouraging that all animals be genotyped with the HD chip.

  • What do I get when I have an animal HD genotyped?

The first and most important thing that your animal will receive when genotyped on the HD panel is Genomic-Enhanced EPDs (GE-EPDs). GE-EPDs have increased accuracy over the general EPDs and ONLY animals that have been genotyped will receive these enhanced EPDs. BBU hopes to have GE-EPDs available in May 2016 after the next genetic run. Parentage Analysis is also included when having your animal genotyped, as long as the parents have DNA on file. There is no additional charge for parent verification when your animal is genotyped unless there is an issue with STR vs. SNP comparison, as discussed above. Only then would there be an additional charge to have that animal parent verified.

  • Do I get a report for my animals that have been genotyped?

Unlike when having an animal parent verified, there is no official report that you will receive when an animal is HD genotyped. Again, you will see the results of this test when the GE-EPDs are available. BBU will send you a confirmation report that simply states that your animals have successfully been genotyped and the information has been recorded with our geneticist.

These are just a few of the many questions that come up during the DNA process. If you ever have any questions regarding DNA testing please contact the BBU office. If you need DNA sample cards and submission paperwork in order to submit samples for DNA testing, please contact the BBU office.

Sometimes it is easy to sit back and wish for the more simple times of the past and long to hold that handy-dandy flip phone back in your hand. However, it is pretty cool to be able to access almost anything from just one touch of your Smartphone. As Beefmaster breeders, if we commit to DNA testing and genomics today we will ensure a successful future for our breed and enhance its importance to the cattle industry.

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