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Beefmaster releases genomic-enhanced calving ease EPDs

Boerne, TexasBeefmaster Breeders United (BBU) has expanded their offering of genomic-enhanced expected progeny differences (EPDs) through releasing calving ease direct (CED) and maternal calving ease (MCE) EPDs.

Calving ease is one of the most important genetic traits for producers to consider. The Beefmaster calving ease EPDs take into account the birth weight, as well as the calving ease score that producers assign to heifers and cows at calving. The CED EPD is based on the calving ease score and birth weight and can be used to evaluate how a sire will impact calving ease in heifers calving at two years of age. While the MCE EPD is used to evaluate how a sire’s heifer offspring will calve at two years of age without difficulty.

“In the past focusing solely on birth weight was a way to pick bulls that would present less calving issues, but now with calving ease EPDs the significance of birth weight and calving ease score are more properly balanced to include other factors that impact dystocia,” says Lance Bauer of Beefmaster Breeders United.

Both of these EPDs are very useful to the producer breeding heifers. The CED is useful in selecting a bull that should be able to be used on heifers without causing many calving issues. The MCE is useful in selecting bulls to produce heifers that will be retained for breeding purposes.

“We encourage all cattle producers to utilize our terminal index, maternal index and these new calving ease EPDs to make their breeding decisions this spring and in the future,” says Executive Vice President Bill Pendergrass. “BBU is dedicated to developing selection tools to help cattle producers make accurate and profitable breeding decisions.”

CED, MCE, Terminal Index ($T) and Maternal Index ($M) are all included in the current Beefmaster genetic evaluation provided through the Beefmaster EPDs Search and sire summary located at http://beefmasters.org/commercial/sire-summary.php.

For more information call 210-732-3132 or visit www.beefmasters.org. Stay connected to BBU through Facebook, follow us on Instagram, view our videos on YouTube, and follow us on Twitter. Receive our news updates through joining our mailing list.

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Brandi Feller Joins the Beefmaster Breeders United Staff

BOERNE, Texas – Beefmaster Breeders United (BBU) is proud to announce that Brandi Feller of Sisterdale, Texas, is the latest BBU employee and she will focus on member services and data entry for Beefmaster breeders. Feller will provide animal registration and animal transfer assistance for the over 2,800 BBU members throughout the United States and world. She began her duties on Jan. 30, 2017, at the new BBU office located at 118 W. Bandera Road, Boerne, TX 78006. Help us in welcoming Brandi to the Beefmaster family!

Feller has been involved with agriculture her whole life and she grew up in Sisterdale, Texas, where she raised livestock on the family owned ranch – Kneupper Ranch. Feller has an extensive background in animal science and her previous work experience includes working as a Veterinary Technician at Gillespie Veterinary Clinic in Fredericksburg, Texas. As a technician she worked extensively with large animals, artificial insemination and embryo transfer.

Feller graduated from Tarleton State University in 2007 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Agricultural Services and Development, minor in Animal Science. She then went on to earn a Master of Agriculture Science Education degree from Tarleton State University in 2008. While at Tarleton, Feller was active in various campus organizations including Collegiate FFA and the Rodeo Club. She is currently a board director for the Texas Sheep and Goat Raisers Association and has worked numerous American Quarter Horse Association shows.

Beefmaster breeders are fortunate to have this dedicated employee join the BBU staff, who also has such an impressive agricultural background.

“Brandi comes to BBU during an exciting time, since we are still settling into our new office building in Boerne, Texas. I am assured that she will offer our members tremendous service,” said BBU Chief Operating Officer Collin Osbourn. “BBU is committed to our members and committed to providing the best member service in the cattle industry, Brandi will guarantee this unrelenting commitment.”

For more information or to contact the BBU staff members call the office at 210-732-3132 or visit www.beefmasters.org. Stay connected to BBU through Facebook, follow us on Instagram, view our videos on YouTube, and follow us on Twitter. Receive our news updates through joining our mailing list.

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Beefmaster Breeders United is a not-for-profit breed registration organization that provides programs and services for its members. Beefmaster, Beefmaster Advancer and E6 cattle are selected on the “Six Essentials” of disposition, fertility, weight, conformation, milk production and hardiness.

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Calving Ease EPDs

By Lance Bauer

In February 2017 Beefmaster Breeders United will introduce Calving Ease Direct (CED) and Calving Ease Maternal (CEM) Expected Progeny Differences (EPDs) in the next genetic evaluation. These new Beefmaster EPDs were approved by the BBU Board of Directors in October 2016 at the annual convention in Branson, Mo. So what are CED and CEM EPDs? And what do they mean? Let me explain.

A problem that many producers are concerned with is a cow’s ability to have a calf with no difficulty and no needed assistance.  This can be especially important to producers who do not get to see their cattle on a daily basis and may have heifers calving without anyone watching.  There are different factors that can cause dystocia, or a difficult birth, including the birth weight of the calf, the pelvic area of the cow or heifer, and whether or not the calf is presented normally at birth.  Many times only one of these factors is used to try to prevent dystocia, and that is birth weight, either by looking at the animals individual birth weight or at birth weight EPDs.  Single trait selecting for birth weight can lead to other issues such as slower growing and smaller animals, as well as decreasing the pelvic size in heifers and cows which leads to dystocia problems even when low birth weight bulls are used as sires.  One way to keep from this single trait selection is to use calving ease EPDs.  There are two different calving ease EPDs that are used, CED and CEM.  These EPDs take into account the various different reasons for dystocia and can help select bulls that will produce calves with few issues of dystocia, as well as select bulls who will produce heifers that should have less issues with dystocia.

The calving ease EPDs take into account the birth weight, as well as the calving ease score that producers assign to heifers and cows at calving.  The calving ease scores range from 1 to 11 with the scores of 1 thru 5 being associated with the presentation and ease of calving a live calf.  In this scoring system a 1 is a natural unassisted birth, 2 the cow requires some assistance, 3 a mechanical device is used to pull the calf, 4 a caesarean section is performed, and 5 the calf is presented abnormally.  These scores should be recorded at calving in order to make better predictions for the calving ease EPDs.  Scores 1 thru 5 are the scores that are used to calculate the calving ease EPDs, scores 6-11 are excluded from the calculation since they deal with dead calves, aborted calves, cases where the cow died or the calf is a product of an ET program. The calving ease EPDs are done on the basis of a heifer calving at two years of age, since most calving issues tend to happen in these younger heifers.

The CED EPD is based on the calving ease score and birth weight and can be used to evaluate how a sire will impact calving ease in heifers calving at two years of age.  For example, if bull A has a CED of +8 and bull B has a CED of +6 then it would be expected that bull A will produce 2% more unassisted births than bull B.  It is beneficial to select bulls with a higher CED to help ensure more unassisted births.  When mated to mature cows the difference between bull A and bull B would be expected to be less than the 2% calculated.

The CEM EPD is used to evaluate how a sire’s heifer offspring will calve at two years of age without difficulty.  If bull C has a CEM of +5 and bull D has a CEM of +8 then it is expected that 3% more of the heifers produced by bull D will have calves unassisted, at two years of age, than bull C.  Again, when selecting using CEM it is beneficial to use the bull with the higher value in order to produce more heifers that will calve unassisted at the age of two.  The difference between daughters of different bulls will decrease over time as the cows mature and have more calves.

In the past focusing solely on birth weight was a way to pick bulls that would present less calving issues, but now with calving ease EPDs the weight of the birth weight and calving ease score are more properly balanced to include other factors that impact dystocia.  Since both birth weight and calving ease score are used in the calculation, it is important that breeders submit both birth weight and calving ease score.  When looking at these calving ease EPDs it is important to remember that birth weight is already factored into the EPD, so looking at birth weight again will place added emphasis on birth weight and take away some of the value of the calving ease score. When selecting bulls using calving ease scores it is important to remember that higher calving ease scores are more desirable than lower calving ease scores. This is unlike when selecting bulls using just birth weights, where lower birth weights are more desirable than higher birth weights.  Both of these EPDs are very useful to the producer breeding heifers.  The CED is useful in selecting a bull that should be able to be used on heifers without causing many calving issues.  The CEM is useful in selecting bulls to produce heifers that will be retained for breeding purposes.

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A Moment with Matt: Making Your Priorities a Priority

 

By Matt Woolfolk

Like everyday life, the purebred cattle business can throw a lot of things at someone and it can be hard to focus on what you view as important. We all have things that we view as important, on and off the farm, and where we believe our time and resources should be allocated. Often times, distractions come along that make it even harder to focus on our priorities. Whether at home, in the office or on the ranch I feel that this quote is a gentle, yet powerful, reminder of keeping focused on what matters most:

“Set your priorities right. If you chase two rabbits, you will lose them both.”

Obviously, I can’t sit here and tell anyone how to prioritize their personal or professional lives and I don’t intend to by any means. Rather, I hope to simply offer my input into how you can become more focused on what you feel is important to making your Beefmaster operation successful.

Within your operation, it is important to have a primary goal that drives all your decisions. Identifying that goal can sometimes be the hardest step. Do you want to sell commercial bulls or are you better equipped to market show heifers? Take inventory of what you already do well, as well as what you can improve upon. Doing so will give some insight on where to focus your program. Once you establish a direction, it’s time to pour as many of your resources as you can into making your operation successful. Before anyone gets the impression that I am implying you should select for a single trait, which is NOT the point I’m trying to make. It takes more than one trait to make a good bull or a good female. It’s important to pinpoint all the traits it takes to succeed in your market and then to attack them collectively. Your cowherd will already do many things well, so build upon that foundation. Advance your weaknesses through genetic selection or alter some management practices to improve upon performance. The hardest part of focusing on your priorities is staying the course through the ups and downs that come with the cattle business. It was a lot easier to be excited and aggressively pursue your goals when feeder calf prices were more than double what they are today. I know it is a lot tougher right now, but staying the course and remaining focused will pay off in the long run. Every step in the right direction, even the smallest step, gets you closer to your end goal.

Whether it’s at home, the office or the barn I hope you are able to devote your time and resources to the things that you deem important. Goals and priorities, both personal and professional, are what drive us to succeed and keep us excited. I hope you are all excited about your own herds and are actively pushing yourself towards those important priorities you have set for success. One day, we will all be able to catch that rabbit that we are chasing.

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2016 Convention Educational Seminars

 

Did You Miss Convention?

If you were unable to attend this year’s convention and would like to view the educational sessions held in Branson, please visit www.beefmasters.org/commercial/videos.php to view the educational programs. Videos will also be available on Beefmaster Breeders United Facebook page and YouTube channel.

You can also download the presentation handouts for each seminar by clicking on the seminar name in the paragraph below.

The educational seminars sponsored by the Beefmaster Educational Endowment Foundation (B.E.E.F.) were successful in providing new information to members. The educational seminars featured EPDs & Selection Indices by Dr. Matt Spangler, DNA Parent Verification & Genomics by Dr. Jared Decker, Cattle Nutrition by N.T. Cosby Purina and Feed Efficiency by Dr. Evan Whitley. The convention also featured two panelists discussions about seedstock marketing and commercial marketing, also known as “The Love Connection”. The seedstock marketing panel featured sale managers Derek Frenzel, Mike Green, Bruce Robbins and Anthony Mihalski. The commercial marketing panel featured stockyards manager Skylar Moore, feedlot manager Mark Sebranek and commercial cattleman Mike Turner.

The videos of the educational seminars can also be accessed at the links provided below.

EPDs & Selection Indices with Dr. Matt Spangler

DNA Parent Verification & Genomics with Dr. Jared Decker

Seedstock Marketing with Derek Frenzel, Anthony Mihalski, Mike Green & Bruce Robbins

2016 “The Love Connection”

Feed Efficiency with Dr. Evan Whitley

Cattle Nutrition with N.T. Cosby

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Back to the Basics with Bauer: What are EPDs?

 

By Lance Bauer

Expected Progeny Differences (EPDs) are a tool that can be used to compare an animal to another animal or the average of the breed.  The numbers can tell you how the progeny of one animal is expected to perform when compared to others for that same trait. There is an accuracy associated with the EPD that will improve with more information for a certain animal. The value of the EPD can change as well with more information on an animal’s progeny. EPDs are calculated using the estimated relatedness of animals based on pedigree, the performance of the individual, the performance of related individuals and other factors that could influence the trait that is being calculated. These other factors are put into the equation in order to be factored out and create a more even playing field for all animals. Once an animal has offspring the performance of the offspring is included in the calculation of the EPD. The use of EPDs can be used by seedstock breeders, as well as commercial producers to improve the performance of their herd. It can be difficult at first to know how to properly utilize the information that EPDs present, but that task can be made simpler by the using indices that combine and weight EPDs to come up with a single value that can help in the selection of animals for a specific part of production. The calculation of EPDs is a process that is changing with new genomic technologies.

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Beefmaster Honors Outstanding Cattlemen at Convention

 

SAN ANTONIO – The 56th Annual Beefmaster Breeders United (BBU) Convention “The Magic of Beefmasters” was hosted in Branson, Mo., at the Hilton Branson Convention Center from October 26 – 29, 2016. The official kick-off of the 2016 convention was highlighted with award winning speeches from the Junior Beefmaster Breeders Association members and the pickpocket magician Gene Turner entertaining the crowd with magic tricks, laughs and ways to prevent pickpocketing.

New this year to convention was the Beefmaster Shotgun Classic sponsored by Datamars – ZTags, The Beefmaster Cowman and Creative Awards. The winning team was the Live Oak Beefmaster Breeders Association with team members Tony Psencik, Trey Scherer, Melvin Scherer and Anthony Mihalski.

During the convention Beefmaster Breeders United held their general membership meeting. At the meeting BBU members elected new Board of Director members and officers. Steve Carpenter of Tecumseh, Okla., was elected president and Bob Siddons of Lakeway, Texas, was elected vice-president. The following individuals were elected to the BBU Board of Directors with a three year term: Kendall McKenzie of Angie, La., Justin Williams of Savannah, Tenn., Derek Frenzel of Temple, Texas and Gary Halepeska of Goliad, Texas.

Beefmaster breeders from throughout the United States attended this year’s convention. Attendees enjoyed seminars, the annual President’s Council Sale and fellowship with other cattlemen and women, while also enjoying a little “magic” in Branson. The educational seminars sponsored by the Beefmaster Educational Endowment Foundation (B.E.E.F.) were successful in providing new information to members. The educational seminars featured Dr. Matt Spangler teaching about EPDs and Selection Indices, Dr. Jared Decker speaking about DNA Parent Verification and Genomics, N.T. Cosby of Purina talking about cattle nutrition and Dr. Evan Whitley teaching about the importance of feed efficiency tests. The convention also featured two panelists discussions about seedstock marketing and commercial marketing, also known as “The Love Connection”. The seedstock marketing panel featured sale managers Derek Frenzel, Mike Green, Bruce Robbins and Anthony Mihalski. The commercial marketing panel featured stockyards manager Skylar Moore, feedlot manager Mark Sebranek and commercial cattleman Mike Turner.

The evening activities provided members the opportunity to meet and greet with new members, first-time convention attendees and satellite members. The first night hosted the “meet and greet” sponsored by Neogen GeneSeek, the social was filled with great fellowship and mesmerizing magic from pickpocket magician Gene Turner. The second night was highlighted with a highly entertaining and magical performance by Chipper Lowell.

The convention was concluded with the annual awards luncheon, where top honors in the Beefmaster breed were announced. Melaine Hardwick of Milner, Ga., was selected as member of the year. Golden Meadows Ranch LLC owned by Chris and Mark Cooley of San Antonio, Texas was selected as new member of the year. Collier Farms owned by Mike and Rhonda Collier of Brenham, Texas was announced as performance breeder of the year and the environmental member of the year was awarded to Santa Ana Ranch owned by Dr. Alvaro Restrepo of Mc Allen, Texas. Breeder of the year was awarded to V-Seven Beefmasters owned by Melvin and Marilyn Scherer of Meyersville, Texas. Beefmaster Cattlewoman of the year was awarded to Cindy Emmons of Fairfield, Texas.

On behalf of the BBU staff, officers, board members and the convention committee, thank you to all our generous sponsors, trade show partners and auction participants. Join BBU at their 57th Annual Convention held in Galveston, Texas from October 26 – 28, 2017.

For more information or questions please contact Beefmaster Breeders United at 210-732-3132 or visit www.beefmasters.org.

Click here to download photos of the award winners.

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Buongiorno Beefmasters

By Doyle Sanders, BBU International Committee Co-Chair to Europe/Asia

The “Buongiorno Beefmasters” event was hosted in Rome, Italy on September 24, 2016. It was a great event that was developed to introduce the Beefmaster breed into Italy, while it grows into Western Europe from Northern Ireland and Eastern Europe from Poland. Opportunities to extend into Northern Africa and Russia/Kazakhstan are also now being considered due to this event. U.S. Livestock Genetics Export, Inc. (USLGE) has supported the effort to export and grow the Beefmaster breed into Europe since the first project was identified for Italy in 2013, Poland in 2014 and the United Kingdom in 2015.

The project to launch Beefmaster genetics into Europe required strict compliance with European Union (EU) bovine health restrictions over a long term process. Certified Semen Services (CSS) semen is not accepted under EU regulations for semen importation. Doyle and Dorothy Sanders’ DBL D BAR Beefmaster Ranch in Austin County, Texas went through a high risk process to certify their herd and obtain special EU certification of embryo collection standards not commonly used in the United States for beef cattle. No outside funding has been used to develop this project. Some USLGE funding was applied to partially offset educational programs for breed promotion for potential European beef producers.

Giulio and Francesca DeDonatis’ Tenuta dell Argenta Resort Range and Feedlot at Civitavecchia and their meat markets in Rome, Italy formed a relationship with the DBL D BAR Ranch to kick off the project in late 2013 that has grown to include Poland and Northern Ireland.

The special event was attended by approximately 100 guests, representing various aspects of the beef industry in Italy and Central Europe. These guests included breeders, feedlots, feeder cattle suppliers, major grocery and meat supplier, beef professionals involved in agri-marketing, beef journalism professionals and graduate students developing beef research projects at the University of Bologna.

USLGE sponsored travel for the seminar speakers which included Beefmaster Breeders United President-Elect Steve Carpenter, Dr. Joe Paschal of Texas A&M University and Charlie Bradbury of JBS, the largest beef company in the world. Other hosts and speakers included Doyle Sanders of DBL D BAR Ranch, Giulio DeDonatis of DD-Italia Beefmasters and Lukasz Karmowski, from his ranch in western Poland. The topics were well received and a lot of interest was evident in expediting EU certified Beefmaster semen into these markets for crossbreeding with the various native herds.

The staff from the Tenuta dell Argenta Ranch, Feedlot, Meat Markets, and Restaurant/Hotel did a great job preparing the conference and providing a special luncheon for all the guests. Beef roast was served Italian style along with some very special Italian Chianti vino from the DaVinci winery just up the coast in Tuscany. The ranch overlooks the Port of Rome that welcomes cruise ships for Mediterranean destinations. Go to “Beefmasters Europa” on Facebook to see scenic photography around the purebred calves and their Marremano recip dams. The Marremano breed has flourished in this area of Italy since the Roman Empire and now they are joined by our Beefmaster breed, for at least the next 2,000 years.

Join the “Go International Team”

The Beefmaster “Go International Team” is a special program used to increase international sponsorship and participation from the overall membership of BBU. The BBU “Go International Team” has incentives for sponsors to help promote international capabilities through special recognition and participation in marketing, ranch visits, mission or reverse mission field days, semen sales, and opportunities for travel with BBU International Committee members.
To join the “Go International Team” please contact Lauren Lyssy at 210-414-2119.

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Back to the Basics with Bauer: How can we use genomics?

By Lance Bauer

We are starting a new blog series where I will get back to the basics and review beef industry technologies, why these technologies are used and answer our most frequently asked questions here at BBU. So let’s get “Back to the Basics with Bauer”. Today we are discussing genomics.

Genomics is the study of the genome. A genome is the complete set of DNA that an animal or person has. The study of the genome is a fairly recent development in the field of genetics. In the past few years more progress has been made in the field of genetics because of the ability to study the genome of an individual. With the new technology associated with genomics, a variety of tools are becoming available to beef producers. These tools are not new tools, but help to improve old selection tools that have been used for years. New technology allows for parent verification in animals that may be in a multi-sire pasture or a neighbor’s bull jumped the fence. In the case of genetic abnormalities, many times there are genetic tests that a producer can do rather than doing an extensive progeny test to determine which animals are carriers. Another new and exciting development is genomic-enhanced EPDs (GE-EPDs).  EPDs are a tool that has been around for a long time and relies on an animal’s own records, as well as the records of related animals, they also rely on how related animals are. With GE-EPDs, the relatedness of animals is more precisely known and can lead to more accurate EPDs. The fields of genetics and genomics are advancing more rapidly than ever and there are exciting things to come in the beef industry.

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DNA Frequently Asked Questions

 

Dr. Jared Decker from the University of Missouri will be conducting a DNA Parentage Workshop at the 2016 Beefmaster Convention in Branson, Mo. If you will be attending convention this year and you have plans to DNA test any animals in your herd or have any questions regarding DNA, this seminar is highly recommended. The workshop will also be recorded and will be available on the Beefmaster website for anyone who is unable to attend so that they can have access to the information.

Until the workshop, here are some answers to the most frequently asked DNA questions.

1. What is the difference between STRs and SNPs?

a. STRs – The proper name for STR is Short Tandem Repeat analysis. This is the old type of marker analysis that was used previously before the industry transitioned to the new SNP analysis in 2012. When a sample is tested with STR analysis there are 11-14 NUMBER markers that the lab looks at and can compare with another animal’s markers to determine parent verification. As the labs have now moved to SNP analysis, STR analysis is no longer used except on a case-by-case basis.


b. SNPs – The proper name for SNP is Single-nucleotide Polymorphism (often referred to as snip). This is the new type of marker analysis that is currently used in today’s genetic market. Every sample submitted to either Zoetis or GeneSeek for a Genotype panel or Parentage Analysis is run on SNPs. Contrary to the STR analysis, when a sample is tested with SNPs there are 80-110 LETTER markers that the lab looks at and can compare with another animal’s markers to determine parent verification.

2. My sire/dam was DNA typed back a few years ago on STRs. Why can I not compare back to that now, or why is there an additional charge to do so?

a.
When a sample is submitted for genotyping or parent verification it is run on a SNP analysis. If the sire or dam of this animal was DNA typed back several years ago and only has STRs on file they cannot be compared to the SNPs as this is two different types of markers (explained above). If possible, it is in your best interest to either submit a new sample for that parent so it can be run on SNPs, or if the sample on file is viable for additional testing to have that sample pulled and run on SNPs. If that sire or dam is no longer alive to have an additional sample submitted for SNPs and the sample on file is not viable for additional testing, then that parent cannot be compared back to the calf using SNPs. As a last resort, the calf can be run on STRs to be able to compare back to the parent but there is an additional cost for this testing and approval from BBU staff is required.

b. If either the parent has to be run on a SNP test to compare to the calf or the calf run on an STR test to compare back to the parent there is an additional fee, as the lab now has to run a completely different test. The fee is $15.00 for an additional STR or SNP test.

3. What is the difference between the HD and LD genotype?

a. The High Density (HD) Genotype is a panel of 50,000-150,000 SNP markers. When your animal is run on an HD Genotype it will receive Genomic-Enhanced EPDs (GE-EPDs) and parent verification if the parents have DNA on file. To qualify, all A.I. sires and embryo donor dams are required to be run on the HD Genotype and must be parent verified back to both sire and dam.

b. The Low Density (LD) Genotype is a panel of 30,000 SNP markers. This testing is currently only offered through GeneSeek. When your animal is run on an LD Genotype it will also receive GE-EPDs and parent verification if the parents have DNA on file.

4. What exactly do I get when my animal is genotyped?

a. The first and most important thing that your animal will receive when genotyped on the HD or LD panel is GE-EPDs. GE-EPDs have increased accuracy over the general EPDs and ONLY animals that have been genotyped will receive these enhanced EPDs. Parentage Analysis is also included when having your animal genotyped, as long as the parents have DNA on file. There is no additional charge for parent verification when your animal is genotyped unless there is an issue with STR vs. SNP comparison, as discussed above. Only then would there be an additional charge to have that animal parent verified.

b. Unlike when having an animal parent verified, there is no official report that you will receive when an animal is HD genotyped. Again, you will see the results of this test when the GE-EPDs are available. BBU will send you a confirmation report that simply states that your animals have successfully been genotyped and the information has been recorded with our geneticist.

5. What does it mean when my animal comes back as DNA disputed?

When you receive a DNA report that states that your animal is DNA disputed this means that the animal either did not qualify to the dam, to the sire or to both parents. When comparing SNP markers only 1-2 DNA exclusions is allowed and if there are any more than this the animal is considered excluded to that parent. This means that the sire or dam provided is not the correct parent of the calf.

6. What is the process to resolve a DNA dispute?

After receiving a DNA report that shows a DNA dispute the first step is to contact BBU. You will need to inform us of an alternate sire or dam to have the lab test against. If that parent has DNA on file to compare back to, the lab can run a re-look on your animal. If it does qualify back to that parent your next step would be to then return the certificate for the animal to have it corrected in the system. If that parent does not have DNA on file but you believe it is the only other possible option we can make the correction per the breeder’s authorization but cannot record the animal as parent verified as the parent does not have DNA on file to compare back to. In this case, you would still need to return the original certificate of that animal to have the parentage corrected.

7. What if I have several different sire options that my calf could be out of? How do I apply for the DNA?

a. If you have multiple sires that your calf could possibly be out of, DNA is the best way to accurately decipher which sire is the correct sire. You can submit a DNA sample for the calf and have it tested to the multiple sire options to see which sire qualifies.

b. When submitting the DNA sample for the calf, on the submission paperwork you would list ALL possible sire options the calf could be out of. When the sample is submitted to the lab they will test the calf against each option, as long as that sire has DNA on file, and can tell you which sire is correct.

8. My animal qualified to both the sire and dam on an individual basis but it is excluded at the mating pair (trio)? Why is this? How can this occur? How can I resolve the issue?

a. This can happen in rare cases where the calf will qualify to the sire on an individual basis and the dam on the individual basis but will exclude at the mating pair. This means when the sire and dam were compared TOGETHER against the calf there were exclusion markers present. As this is a rare occurrence, it is handled on a case-by-case basis. Normally this happens because the actual sire or dam is closely related to the sire or dam that the calf was tested against. It could be a full sibling, half sibling, etc.

b. The first step is that an alternate sire or dam option should be given to test against to see if we can get it to qualify. If the dispute is still not cleared up after trying several other options, it would be recommended that a new sample be submitted for the calf and possibly the sire and dam, if necessary.

9. How do I get sample cards to submit for DNA testing?

To request DNA sample cards you can contact BBU at (210) 732-3132 or you can email someone in the office. When requesting sample cards we need to know which lab you are currently using, Zoetis or GeneSeek, how many cards you would like, and if you would like blood cards or hair cards. Normally, if you are requesting more than 50 cards at a time we will have the lab send them to you directly. When the sample cards are mailed out we also include the DNA Submission Paperwork. This is what needs to filled out, signed and submitted with the DNA cards after the sample has been collected.

Download Beefmaster DNA FAQs

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